Please read Judges 13 in your well-worn Bible. I have used the NIV to prepare these remarks.
Focus on the Family founder James Dobson James Dobson told about a mother who was sick in bed with the flu. Her little daughter wanted so much to be a good nurse, she brought mom an extra pillow and a magazine to read. And then she even showed up with a cup of tea. Her surprised mother took a sip and said, ”Wow! I didn’t even know you knew how to make tea!”
The girl said excitedly, ”Oh, yes. I learned by watching you. I put some water in the pot, put the tea leaves in, and I boiled the water, and then I strained it into a cup. But I couldn’t find the strainer, so I used the flyswatter instead.”
Her mother set the tea cup down and said, ”You what?!”
”Oh, don’t worry, mom,” the little helper exclaimed. “I didn’t use the new flyswatter; I used the old one.”
Being a mom is not easy! One woman who said, ”Before I was married, I had three theories about raising children. Now, I have three children and no theories.”
Moms know motherhood can be everything from exhilarating to exhausting. So today it is very appropriate to pause and say ”Thank You” to our mothers and thank God for them.
Tdoay we’re going to hold up Samson’s mother as a good example of motherhood. Even though we don’t know her name, she distinguished herself as a quick-witted, faithful, and reasonable woman. Samson became a biblical hero because of his mother’s obedience to the revealed will of God.
- Context: what’s happening in that part of Judges?
On a national level, we look to verse one and find that Israel was virtually hostage to the Philistines. Israel’s cycles of evil resulting in suffering, crying out to the Lord, and deliverance are so typical verse one is almost formulaic. The cycle went from Idolatry to Oppression to Repentance to Deliverance, then back to Idolatry.
The EVIL they did was part of worshipping idols; forsaking the true God for false ones. The discipline they suffered as a result was being DELIVERED into the hands of one of a pagan nation. The length of Philistine domination – 40 years – is the longest such period in Judges.
The people cried out in their distress and God bailed them out once again. At this stage of their history, the people God used to bail them out were called “judges:” that’s where the title of the book comes from.
On a personal scale, we turn to verse two to find out about Samson’s parents and Samson’s divine origin. The surprising part is that they were childless at the time.
Strange as it may seem, biblical accounts of childless women are typical Mother’s Day sermon material: think of Sarah, Hannah, and Elizabeth. (We save Mary for Christmas.) The Bible says that children are a gift from God. That’s true. However, people of that time assumed that the opposite must also be true; that being childless was a sign of God’s disfavor, a mark of shame, maybe even an indication of hidden sin. (In fact, a later Jewish reference, the Talmud, proverbially state that people who were blind, leperous, in slavery, or childless were “dead.”
The family lived in ZORAH, a town into which they relocated to escape the oppressions of the Philistines. It was located 15 miles west of Jerusalem.
They were DANITES; descendents of Jacob’s son Dan. Calling them a CLAN instead of a “tribe” may imply there weren’t too many DANITES left. To be frank, the Danites were the “outlaw” tribe of Israel. They had a history of betraying the other tribes and were often at the pointy end of the oppressions of pagan nations.
- Samson was to become a Judge and Israel’s Deliverer (sorta).
The angelic messenger promised Mr. and Mrs. Manoah a child in verses three, six, and eight to fourteen. In v. 3 he said, “YOU ARE GOING TO BE PREGNANT AND GIVE BIRTH TO A SON.”
In v. 6, in the way she summarizes her encounter with the angel, we see that Mrs. M was mostly clued in: She referred to the angel as a MAN OF GOD, a phrase usually used for prophets, judges, and kings. Wrong, in this case. Se said “HE LOOKED LIKE AN ANGEL OF GOD, VERY AWESOME.” AWESOME is a word that meant “fear-producing;” it was often used to describe God. But Mrs. M may have been so intimidated by her visitor that she was afraid to ask his name. This is something Mr. M would do in v. 17, when the angel returned.
For his part, Mr. Manoah only slowly caught on.
One teensy detail Mrs. M did not tell Manoah as she recounted the instructions of her visitor was the matter of their son leading God’s people in overthrowing the Philistines. So it’s clear that Manoah was sufficiently intimidated by the idea of fatherhood alone, and prayed to God for some guidance in how to BRING UP THE BOY WHO IS TO BE BORN. In verses nine and ten, Manoah’s prayer was answered with a “Yes;” the angel came back.
In verses 11-14, Manoah asked the obvious questions first. The more intrusive questions came later.
“ARE YOU THE MAN WHO TALKED TO MY WIFE?” and “WHAT IS TO BE THE RULE THAT GOVERNS THE BOY’S LIFE AND WORK?” (The kid isn’t even born yet and dad is already putting him to work!)
The angel only directly answered the first question. In answer to the second, he repeats only the instructions given to Mrs. M and also does not mention the whole “lead deliverer” thing either. This may indicate the angel thought Manoah was showing a lack of faith and/or “the paralysis of analysis.”
Conditions that were attached to the promise; God required the male child be a NAZIRITE from birth to death and for his mother to be a Nazirite throughout her pregnancy (4-5, 7, 13-14). (See Numbers 6 for the full set of Nazirite regulations.)
The name nazir (Hb) means “dedicated” or “consecrated.” In general, being a NAZIRITE required keeping an extra set of laws to achieve a higher level of holiness. In such a role Samson was said to be “DEDICATED TO GOD FROM THE WOMB.” According to Numbers 6, a Nazirite vow was made by an adult man or woman and was to be kept for a limited period. To make this vow on behalf of an unborn child and to make it for life are both unique to Samson.
The specifics included: “DRINK NO WINE OR OTHER FERMENTED DRINK” (in Numbers 6, all fruit of the grapevine is prohibited), “DO NOT EAT ANYTHING UNCLEAN,” and no trips to the barber; “WHOSE HEAD IS NEVER TO BE TOUCHED BY A RAZOR” (interestingly, the Nazirite’s head was shaved clean at the end of his or her time of commitment).” The main concern about Samson was that he didn’t get a haircut (verse five). I assume we all know how that worked out…?
Mrs. Manoah was commanded to observe these regulations because God knew what the mother consumed would become part of the child’s body as well. He wanted Samson to be fully pure from birth.
God’s purpose in these extraordinary arrangements was pronounced by the angel: “HE WILL TAKE THE LEAD IN DELIVERING ISRAEL FROM THE HANDS OF THE PHILISTINES.” God intended Samson to provide leadership for His people in overcoming their oppressors. It also means he would not accomplish this deliverance alone; Samson was supposed to unite the people under his leadership and they would overthrow the Philistines by working together.
- Mr. Manoah misunderstood, then overreacted.
Biblically, angels never tolerate worship that belongs to God. Mr. Manoah learned that lesson. Whether or not there was an ulterior motive behind his offer of hospitality (15-16), what’s clear is that MANOAH DID NOT REALIZE THAT IT WAS THE ANGEL FROM THE LORD to whom he was speaking.
The question about the angel’s name (17-18) is not necessarily as innocent as it may appear. In this culture, to know someone’s name was viewed as being able to somehow exercise power over them or know something special about them. This made people in general reluctant to give out there name, just as we are supposed to be reluctant to give out personal information on the Internet (especially to Russian hackers). As is always the case in the Bible, there is a refusal to answer that question directly; the angel replied, “IT IS BEYOND YOUR UNDERSTANDING.” Or, “It is too wonderful for you,” a hint at his heavenly status.
If is only after the angel’s dramatic exit that Manoah understood, but then he overreacted a bit. It took an over-the-top demonstration (19-21), but Mr. & Mrs. M were finally convinced. After all, it’s not every day you see a blast of fire that reaches heaven AND your dinner guest ride it out of sight! (Something similar happened when an angel appeared to another judge, Gideon, in 6:20-23.)
In verses 22-23 we read Manoah’s overreaction. Everybody knows that if you see God, you are burnt toast because no one sees God and lives. So Mr. M panics; “WE ARE DOOMED!” (Think C3PO in all the Star Wars movies.) But Mrs. M is a sensible sort and reasons that if God had only wanted to blow them up, He would not have accepted their sacrifice, nor would He have given them the promise of a child and instructions on her pre-natal behavior.
- God’s promise was kept.
Mrs. Manoah birthed a boy and named him Samson (24). The name SAMSON is related to the Hebrew word for “sun,” but is exact meaning is not clear to us today.
What is clear is that the LORD was with him: HE GREW AND THE LORD BLESSED HIM (24). Sounds a bit like Luke’s summary of the Jesus’ growing-up years: JESUS GREW IN WISDOM AND STATURE, AND IN FAVOR WITH GOD AND MAN (LKE 2:52).
The second detail in this line is also exceptional: THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD BEGAN TO STIR HIM (25). That word STIR is from the Hebrew word salah (Hb) which meant “to rush upon; trouble.” This is the only use of this word in the Bible, which is part of what I mean by “exceptional.” IMHO, this word has a more aggressive sound to it than I would normally associate with the Holy Spirit.
It is also exceptional in its irony. Of all the Judges, Samson is the one most often empowered by the Holy Spirit (see 14:6+19; 15:14) in the most unusual way and yet was the worst-behaved. More on that as we develop this series of messages on Samson.
Ted Sutherland wrote an Internet account of a Mrs. Monroe who lives in Darlington, Maryland. “She’s the mother of 8 children. And except for a few interesting experiences, she’s just like any other mother across America.
“She came home one afternoon from the grocery store and everything looked pretty much the same, though it was a little bit quieter than usual. She looked into the middle of the living room and 5 of her darlings were sitting around in a circle, exceedingly quiet, doing something with an object in the middle of a circle. So she put down the sacks of groceries and walked over closely and looked and saw her kids playing with 5 of the cutest skunklets you can imagine.
“She was instantly terrified and she said, ‘Run children, run!’ Each child grabbed a skunk and ran, in 5 different directions. She was beside herself and screamed louder, more frantically, with great gusto. It so scared the children that each one squeezed his skunk! Guess what? Skunks don’t like to be squeezed!”
<Retrieved from https://www.sermoncentral.com/illustrations/sermon-illustration-ted-sutherland-humor-mothersday-discipline-3704 on 5/13/17.>
As much as we love mom, we realize she’s only human and doesn’t always give good advice. However, godly moms like Mrs. M. have God’s help to transcend their humanity and obey God’s commands.
Samson had godly parents who loved him a great deal. But were they always good parents? You’ll have to come back next week to find that out.