Please read 1 Corinthians 1:10-17 in your Bible.
Today we want to pause and thank God for the blessing of ministering here in Sioux Falls and all the communities in which our members and friends reside. It may help to hear what our one of our forebears said about our community.
Charles Christopherson was elected to the US House of Representatives from South Dakota’s first congressional district, serving from 1919 to 1933. Prior to that, he served as a representative in the South Dakota house, where he was elected Speaker in 1915.
Born to Norwegian immigrants in Minnesota, Christopherson moved to Sioux Falls in 1889 and became a lawyer, living at 1000 S. Phillips Ave. He died in 1951 and is buried in Woodlawn cemetery. I want to read to you some excerpted remarks that he read into the Congressional Record for 1924.
Mr. CHRISTOPHERSON: “Mr. Chairman, last winter South Dakota passed through an economic storm that closed a number of our banks. In my home town of Sioux Falls, a splendid enterprising commercial city of 35,000 people, four banks closed their doors within a period of three weeks. Articles have been written that conveyed the idea that South Dakota is in financial distress. I refer especially to the article that appeared in the Saturday Evening Post of April 12, 1924 entitled ‘That Pain in the Northwest.’ That article was based upon a superficial investigation and without any real information as to the true conditions. Perhaps the writer was indulging in a little humor at our expense in order to make his article readable; nevertheless we of South Dakota resent the implications contained in that article.
“We who live in South Dakota know that it is as sound as gold coin. Our land and South Dakota with its broad productive acres if all cultivated intensively could [produce] enough food for all the people of our country. For this reason we who live in the State have abundant confidence in its prosperity.”
These stirring and proud words were spoken on the floor of the US House of Representatives in response to an article appearing in the Saturday Evening Post. Rep. Christopherson may remind you of another politician who frequently takes exception to what is reported in t media.
CONTEXT = This is the beginning of Paul’s APPEAL to the believers in Corinth to resolve their differences in a Christ-like manner. In v. 10 Paul made his APPEAL IN THE NAME OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST, invoking the name under which they were to live as one. The word APPEAL has a range of emotions, from “exhort” (a more assertive approach) to “entreat” (a passive approach) with “encourage” in the middle.
We have the very best reasons to practice community.
- God’s standards for community (10).
First, persons in community must be in agreement. Experience teaches us that agreement is a product of people doing the hard work of communicating and compromising. This Greek word literally means, “say the same thing.”
Second, persons in community must be without DIVISIONS. This word (schismata) literally meant “tears” or “cracks.” This word means “cliques;” exclusive but informal social groupings, not organized parties.
Third, persons in community must be PERFECTLY UNITED IN MIND AND THOUGHT. The word PERFECTLY obviously refers to a depth of relationship impossible in human terms. Paul is writing about a unity that only God can bestow. MIND AND THOUGHT seems redundant but it may be Paul’s way of emphasizing the divine degree of unity. UNITED is also translated as “knit together,” a word used for healing broken bones.
- The Corinthians fell short of the standard (11-16).
Their division was ostensibly over which teacher each group followed (11-13). However, the fact that divisions existed at all was a denial that they were organized around any of the four names listed. QUARRELS are an indicator of worldly thinking, the influence of evil.
Though there was never a quarrel between any of the names given in verse twelve, people attempted to justify their divisions by identifying with one of the four. They might have rationalized their choice as follows:
Paul was the founder of the church and deserved loyalty.
Apollos represented the next generation and was a brilliant preacher.
Cephas (Peter) walked with Christ and commanded great respect.
Some were ultimate name-droppers and claimed to follow none but Christ. Perhaps this covered over a rejection of the authority of the other three men.
None of these four would approve a party mentality that put the people of the church at cross-purposes. This is what Paul meant in his rhetorical question, IS CHRIST DIVIDED? The obvious answer is “No.” Quite the opposite; He is one with God the Father and the Holy Spirit.
Two other rhetorical questions follow. WAS PAUL CRUCIFIED FOR YOU? “No;” such a thing was not historically true, nor could Paul provide salvation if he were crucified for them.
WERE YOU BAPTIZED INTO THE NAME OF PAUL? “No;” according to Acts, they were baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. This question denies that Paul was seeking to make converts for himself. False teachers were trying to build their own “kingdoms” but Paul was trying to build the kingdom of God. These three questions could have easily named Apollos or Cephas and the answers would have been the same.
The divisions involved baptism (13-16). Elaborating on v. 13, Paul went into a lengthy recollection of his own practice of baptism. He showed that he performed very few baptisms and therefore no one could accuse him of baptizing anyone into his name.
The three names given here are also mentioned in Acts, Romans, and 1 Corinthians as being among the first converts in Corinth. As Paul appointed leaders in the local churches, he turned over pastoral functions (like baptizing) to them. This is the way missions should be done.
- What’s at stake: why living in community is essential (17).
Paul was commissioned to PREACH THE GOSPEL, not to baptize, except as baptizing served his preaching. In his preaching, he chose to not employ WORDS OF HUMAN WISDOM. He did not cultivate a turn of phrase at the expense of the truth.
Great orators of the time would attempt to mesmerize their audience by clever turns of phrase or twists of logic to earn the applause of people. Paul saw this as something akin to trickery and avoided it. He wanted conversions to be genuine; created by the Holy Spirit, not persuasive speech-making.
Reliance on HUMAN WISDOM will result in THE CROSS OF CHRIST being EMPTIED OF ITS POWER. The word of God has its own power to persuade people to follow Jesus. The process is corrupted if we rely on psychology, sales techniques, technology, or any other aspect of HUMAN WISDOM. There is a place for knowledge of human nature and these other things, but it is not first place. First and foremost, we rely on the Holy Spirit to provide the words for preaching and to reach the heart of our listeners. There is room for all kinds of “styles” of preaching, but in all cases a preacher’s aim should be to present Christ.
We have the very best reasons to practice community.
In the Church, we are given all we need to live together in love. What’s required of us is to get self out of the way so the Holy Spirit can lead us in words and deeds that build community rather than tear it down.
And – we can export what we have in church to build the communities in which we live. Good citizenry is part of godly living. When God commanded each of us to love our neighbor, He meant that to be taken literally as well as figuratively.
“Community” is the word we use for healthy, life-giving relationships. Generally speaking, the things that contribute to community require putting others ahead of self. Building community is hard work. It is achieved by joining with others, especially those with whom we disagree.
I leave you with the challenging words of Jesus;
“If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? Be perfect, therefore, even as your heavenly father is perfect.” (MTW 5:46-48)
(The Lakota name for Sioux Falls is Íŋyaŋ Okábleča Otȟúŋwahe; “Stone Shatter City.”)
Zondervan Bible Commentary, Paul T. Marsh
The Expositor’s Bible Commentary Vol. 10, W. Harold Mare
The Daily Study Bible Series, William Barclay
The Congressional Record of 1924 (Obtained at https://books.google.com/books?id=d2m-4x-OTDYC&pg=PA10533&lpg=PA10533&dq=bible+verses+cited+in+sioux+falls+city+documents&source=bl&ots=F4WRBMFWCH&sig=ACfU3U3B2K4dNVO2ORoJe2UMux2-4slJBg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjRza7PmLDlAhVJPK0KHYJaADsQ6AEwBnoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=bible%20verses%20cited%20in%20sioux%20falls%20city%20documents&f=false).