Please read Matthew 15:1-20 in your favorite Bible. I have used the NIV to prepare the following remarks.
Legalism is one of the disguises hypocrisy wears to conceal ungodliness.
Legalism is an attempt to hide behind the law or manipulate its details to force your will on others. There are some peculiar laws on the books around the country, so pick your hiding spot carefully. Here are a few humorous examples.
In Huntington, West Virginia, firemen may not whistle or flirt at any woman passing a firehouse.
In the entire state of Georgia it is illegal to use profanity in front of a corpse lying in a funeral home or in a coroner’s office.
In Boston, Massachusetts, no one may take a bath without a prescription. I wonder who polices that law?
In Norco, CA, all persons wishing to keep a rhinoceros as a pet must first obtain a $100 license.
This one is true too: in Wichita, Kansas, before proceeding through the intersection of Douglas and Broadway, a motorist is to get out of their vehicle and fire three shotgun rounds into the air. I’m looking for a volunteer to try that one out!
Owners of flamingos in Juneau, Alaska, may not let their pet into barber shops. How does anybody in Juneau GET a flamingo?
In San Francisco, California, it is illegal to pile horse manure more than six feet high on a street corner. Based on what little I know about San Francisco, I’d guess politicians are allowed to stack it as high as they want.
I’m sure there is an interesting story behind all these laws, explaining how they got on the books. But the point simply is this: man-made laws are vulnerable to misuse. They are not the ultimate authority in the life of believers. Our allegiance is primarily to the laws of love that were instituted in the Old Covenant and affirmed by Jesus in the New.
REVIEW from Part One
- The Picky (1+2).
The Pharisees and the teachers of the Law (lawyers) were “picky” in the usual sense that they fussed over details, abused the Law to further their own ends and in the unusual sense that they were trying to pick a fight with Jesus.
- The Pig in a Poke (3-9).
As per the usual meaning of this expression, the Pharisees and lawyers were attempting to convince Jesus and everyone within earshot they were handling a serious problem. Jesus exposed their hypocrisy instead of accepting their definition of “serious.”
NEW for Part Two
- Prodding the People (10+11).
Sometime in this brief conversation a CROWD had formed. What Jesus intended to be a private rebuke became a “teachable moment” when He turned to address the CROWD as well as the disciples and the religious leaders.
He used the religious professionals’ complaint about hand-washing to teach the people about true discipleship. For our sake, here’s what the Law of Moses taught.
One, “defilement” was a condition of spiritual and moral impurity (aka “uncleanliness”). The word literally meant “to make something common.” That means that something that had previously been sacred (devoted exclusively to God; special), was now just “ordinary.”
Two, the Law penalized the unclean/ defiled sinner by putting the offender out of the temple and sometimes outside the community too. In the most serious situation, the Law required the offender put out of LIFE. (Jesus’ quote of Leviticus 21:17 in verse four is an example of the ultimate penalty.)
Three, there were detailed laws about how an unclean/defiled person could become clean again.
The Law made an abstract concept like “sin” concrete & costly by requiring an animal sacrifice to cleanse the guilty party. This is one appeal of legalism; it’s easier to think concretely than abstractly.
In contrast, here’s what Jesus said: “Food eaten with unwashed hands does not make the eater a sinner. Instead, the things that come out of the mouth (i.e., our words) are things that make us sinners.”
- The Parable (12-14).
The scene changes again between vs. 11+12. Jesus and His disciples went into a private home where they could question Jesus.
We forget that the Jews of Jesus’ time had a begrudging respect for the Pharisees: they were seen as “super religious” in a culture where religion was still seen as a good thing. Even so, people didn’t to follow their example: it was just too demanding.
This explains the deference of the disciples in verse twelve, where they asked, “Do you realize what you’re saying is making these guys mad?” They were also curious about this new, more assertive attitude Jesus showed. Otherwise, who cares? After all, you can’t live your life worrying about all the opinions of all the people. Making decisions to avoid offense is one of the worst bases for making decisions.
Jesus needed to relieve them of the assumption that these people were reliable spiritual guides. That’s why His reply in vs. 13+14 is so unequivocal. It is as if Jesus replied, “You think that was offensive? Check THIS out!” What followed was a two-part parable (as Peter identified it in verse fifteen).
The PARABLE promised that God will set things right. In this world, hypocrites may be allowed to prosper, but sooner or later, God Himself will uproot them. Two chapters earlier, Jesus gave an extended parable about a wheat field where that was later sown with weed seed. He explained that the wheat represents the true children of God and the weeds the false and evil people who reject God. Making a point very similar to v. 13, Jesus promised God Himself will separate the wheat from the weeds and make everything right. As God did not write their TRADITION, anyone guided by it was NOT His planting.
Jesus commanded, “LEAVE THEM.” He meant, “Don’t be fooled by their legalism.” Those who followed their teaching were “the blind being lead by the blind.” This is irony with a sharp point, folks. These religious authorities would puff themselves up by putting others down, calling themselves “leaders of the blind.” Jesus turns their egotism against them and says that they blinded themselves to the truth.
- Peter in a Pickle (15-20).
He was often the first to ask questions everyone wondered about but didn’t dare ask (as happened in verse fifteen). Peter wondered how God would “uproot” them and/or how they would fall into a pit.
The problem with being the first to ask is that he bore the brunt of Jesus’ rebuke (16): “ARE YOU [also] STILL SO DULL?” This sounds harsh, but this kind of language fit Jesus’ role as a rabbi: bringing rebuke/correction was part of their job.
But these statements contradict our watered-down, wimpy version of Jesus. The Gentle Shepherd is just one side of His character. We need to also see Jesus as a radical man who was dangerous, dragging His disciples into all kinds of troubling situations.
In vs. 17-19 Jesus drew an analogy from the obvious function of the human body in regard to eating. Food and water are introduced to the body by the mouth, are used by the body, and then disposed of by the body. It was ridiculous to assert this process resulted in an immoral state.
The things that DO have a moral effect are a person’s words and deeds. For example, MURDER, ADULTERY, SEXUAL IMMORALITY, and THEFT are all sinful acts. FALSE TESTIMONY and SLANDER are examples of sinful words.
These are the BAD FRUIT of which Jesus spoke in chapter seven. They identify a “bad tree,” regardless of mere appearances may say.
Jesus’ teaching was that hand-washing is not a moral act. Anyone who attempts to make their self look good by observing a legalism like hand-washing rituals is a hypocrite. What makes and marks a person as godly or ungodly is what’s in their heart, not what’s under their fingernails. Real faith changes us to the core; it does not settle on the skin and it does not allow evil and selfishness to be excused or exercised by something as petty as legalism.
Legalism is one of the disguises hypocrisy wears to conceal ungodliness.
It would be a shame to let this opportunity go by without telling a lawyer joke or two. Here’s some gleaned from the Reader’s Digest.
First, a bit of actual courtroom dialogue: Attorney: “Doctor, how many autopsies have you performed on dead people?”
Witness: “All of them. The live ones put up too much of a fight.”
Next, a favorite diversion of ours: jury duty. When an 88-year-old mother was called for jury duty, she had to submit to questioning by the opposing lawyers.
“Have you ever dealt with an attorney?” asked the plaintiff’s lawyer.
“Yes. I had an attorney write my living trust,” she responded.
“And how did that turn out?”
“I don’t know,” she said. “Ask me when I’m dead.”
Finally, do you know who invented copper wire? Two attorneys fighting over a penny.
<Retrieved from http://www.rd.com/jokes/lawyer/ on 6/29/17.>
We can laugh about these things and should. Quality of life is diminished when we allow petty people to wind our crank. Its safer to just laugh at them.
But we need to be deadly serious about legalism. Legalism is a sin. It is a disguise that hypocrites wear to mask their true identity. It is a means to abuse others and/or benefit self. It is false. It is not of God.
Let us be done with legalism. Let us take seriously the condemnation Jesus leveled at hypocrites and avoid being one. Have this Scripture in mind and take an honest look in the mirror. It begins there.