(Please read 1 Corinthians 10:14-22 & 11:17-34 in your Bible. I’ve used the NIV to prepare these remarks.)
Pastor Bob Deffinbaugh wrote about a personal experience of his in an internet study:
“A few years ago, my parents spent a year in Taiwan, where my dad taught in an American school, and my mother assisted. They came to know a young Chinese man whose name was Johnny. He did not know English very well, and my dad agreed to teach him—from the Gospel of Matthew. Johnny was saved at chapter 16. Over time, they got to know Johnny quite well. He began to speak of having them over for dinner, and that he had something very special to serve.
“One evening, my dad and Johnny were walking home and were passing through an alley when a dog began to bark incessantly. Johnny finally yelled something at the dog in Chinese, and suddenly it was quiet. As they continued on, my dad pressed Johnny to tell him just what he had yelled at the dog. Johnny told him that he told the dog to shut up or he would eat him. Johnny was serious. As Johnny began to speak more often about the meal he planned to serve my folks, it came out that the special dish was a dog. As politely as they could, my folks explained that in America we looked at dogs as our friends, and so we would not think of eating one. That seemed to put the matter to rest.
“What we eat really does matter a lot to us, doesn’t it? When one of our children was asked to spend the night at the home of a friend, our daughter had one important question to ask: “What are we having for dinner?” The answer to this question was usually the determining factor in her decision. The Corinthians seemed to have divided over what certain people ate for dinner. Some Corinthians felt they were free to eat any meat whatsoever, even meats offered to idols. They were so liberated in their thinking and behavior that they had no scruples about eating idol-meats at a meal that was part of a pagan religious idol worship ritual. Other Corinthians were much more particular. In fact, some were so sensitive on this matter that they would not eat anything without first knowing its origin. Every meal must have been like an inquisition, with the host being grilled (pardon the pun) concerning the origin of the meat being served.”
<Retrieved from https://bible.org/seriespage/19-table-talk-1-cor-1014-33 on 5/4/17.>
- 1 Corinthians 10:14-22 = How to get the rite wrong: practicing it in a worldly way.
CONTEXT = One problem Paul dealt with i/t Corinthian church was how they messed up the faith by combining it w/ their old idol-worship.
COMMENTS = Paul makes his point abundantly clear: FLEE FROM IDOLATRY (14).
Historically, there has always been a temptation to combine Christian faith with other faiths or worldly things. If you want to impress someone with your vocabulary, this problem is called SYNCRETISM. (Think of “synchronizing your watches.”) The problem is, our faith is not modular: you can’t keep the true faith by taking out the bits you don’t like or adding bits from other sources. We received an entire word of God and a whole faith; it’s a package. Syncretism was the general issue. In this case, the specific problem was Christians eating meat from the market that had previously been a sacrifice offered to an idol. Enquiring minds wanted to know: Was the meat tainted spiritually? Were people sinning in this practice?
A more contemporary example: a church I formerly served was offered money for assistance for paying heating bills by a local service club. We all knew the money had been raised by selling liquor and gambling tickets. Was the money tainted spiritually? Would we be sinning by accepting it?
To begin to answer the question, Paul compared eating the Lord’s Supper with eating meat offered to idols. By the way he handled this controversy, Paul teaches us something about the Lord’s Supper. Paul made his point by…
Characterizing his opposition as wrong = I SPEAK TO SENSIBLE PEOPLE (15).
Characterizing the nature of the rite: PARTICIPATION IN THE BLOOD & BODY OF CHRIST (16). In the Old Testament system, the people who offered the animal sacrifice on the altar shared in the meat from the slaughter of the animal (18). Then he offers a negative example: those who offer sacrifices to idols are not participating with Christ, but with DEMONS instead (19-21). Verses 19-20 clarify that there is no reality to an IDOL; it is not ANYTHING. So eating meat offered to any idol has no intrinsic spirituality. Verse 21 = However, Satan is the “Father of all lies” according to Jesus, so DEMONS are the unseen reality behind the falsehood of all idol-worship, even the kind we do. The bottom line is we are not to corrupt our faith – including our practice of the Lord’s Supper – by combining it with anything evil or worldly.
Characterizing the effect of the rite on the BODY as unifying: ONE LOAF…ONE BODY (17).
Characterizing violation of the Lord’s Supper as arousing the LORD’S JEALOUSY (22). This is Paul’s way of returning to the idea of being SENSIBLE PEOPLE. He’s urging his readers to use their brains and think about what they’re doing, and consider the effects. God does not want to share you with an idol; discipline will result if we persist in idolatry.
- 1 Corinthians 11:17-34 = How to get the rite right.
CONTEXT = The way the Lord’s Supper was handled in Corinth was a rite gone wrong.
COMMENTS = The specific problem was that their rite (ritual) was abused as an occasion for PREJUDICE instead of fellowship. The wealthy members abused their poor brothers and sisters in the way they practiced the Lord’s Supper. They brought “gourmet” food and refused to share it with the poor; they probably said it was too good for them. They began the meal before sundown, excluding working folk still on the job. (A large percentage of the Church at that time were in slavery.) They were also guilty of drunkenness and gluttony, treating the Supper as a pagan rite.
A result was that the rite drove them apart instead of building UNITY. Paul used two words:
DIVISIONS (18) = When our focus is on bias, competition and/or dispute, DIVISIONS result.
DIFFERENCES (19) is actually an emotionally stronger word having the same root as our word “heresy.”
This was a serious problem. Verse 22 is a strongly-worded rebuke. V. 27 = it was a SIN against the Lord Jesus Himself. Vs. 29+34 = they brought the Lord’s JUDGMENT on themselves. V. 30 = His judgment was manifest in sickness and death among them.
They needed to make their rite RIGHT. Step #1 = They needed to keep the Supper as they’d RECEIVED it (23). Get back to basics.
Step #2 = they needed to keep it in a way that valued EVERYONE equally as members of the BODY OF CHRIST. Paul had some practical suggestions on how to achieve this:
WAIT FOR EACH OTHER (33) = wait until after sundown so the working folk could come.
IF ANYONE IS HUNGRY, HE SHOULD EAT AT HOME (34) = the fellowship around the meal is more important than the meal. If your tummy rules you, quiet it by snacking first.
Understand your motive; examine yourself to know why you’re at the table at all (vs. 28+29).
Appreciate the fact it is always better to obey God than be condemned with the world (30-32).
Why is this important?
The answer is simple. This is a matter of life and death, just as 1 Corinthians 11:30 made clear. That is the truth because there is more to this table than bread and grape juice, more even than symbolism. This table is our participation in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. This is what Jesus taught before His death:
“I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.” The Jews therefore began to argue with one another, saying, “How can this man give us His flesh to eat?” Jesus therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in yourselves. He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.
“For My flesh is true food, and My blood is true drink. He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him. As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who eats Me, he also shall live because of Me.” (See John 6:51-57.)
The Lord’s Supper is for all who have truly trusted in Jesus and have received, by faith, the gift of life. Your years of experience in church, your titles, your awards, your contributions; none of those things matter. In this moment, what matters is what is real in you. If you are a participant in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, this table is the way He has chosen for you to remember Him. Honor Him with your actions in these next few moments.
Participate or refrain, but in either case, choose the right thing and in so doing, honor Jesus Christ. There is nothing else that matters in this sacred moment.