(Please read Matthew 2:19-23 in your favorite version of the Bible. I used the NIV to do my research.)
Matthew 2:19-23 X “Turns Out You CAN Go Home” X EBC = 12/25/16
One of the offbeat things that 2016 brought us is “fake news.” This is something entirely fictitious masquerading as an actual news story. People put this stuff on the Internet for various reasons, but the common factor is that it’s fake.
In case you missed it, there was an example of fake news in the Twin Cities just last week. Some guy got it in his head that the new stadium was a waste of tax payers’ money and should be opened up as a shelter for the homeless on that especially cold night. So he “tweeted” that it would be.
A friend of his “re-tweeted” this as if it were a real news item. That fellow had 14,000 followers, many of who “re-tweeted” this item as if it really were accurate. Announcers calling the Minnesota Vikings game on TV talked about it during their broadcast, and the whole messy lie took on a life of its own.
Other examples abound. Fake News is nothing new. Anybody here heard about Orson Welles’ radio broadcast of “War of the Worlds?” It has been suggested that dead children and grieving mothers in ISIS video are just actors.
Having more access to information does not necessarily mean we have more access to the truth. It means that, more than ever, we have to exercise good judgment to discern what is true.
As believers, we have an alternative to “fake news.” For about 2000 years we’ve been calling it “good news,” the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Tim Stanley wrote an article entitled “Sick of fake news? Try the ‘good news’ about Christmas” for the London Telegraph. I like his take on our more wholesome alternative to fake news.
“How do we test if faith is real? Look at what it produces. It is outwardly, indisputably more beautiful and magnificent than its secular alternative. As my evidence, I won’t just cite the eyewitness accounts or the corroborating evidence from Josephus or Pliny. No, I cite love.
“You’ll think I’m mad. Love is just a concept, say the philosophers, or an evolutionary quirk, say the biologists. Society doesn’t seem very interested in talking about it; it’s out of style. The news, fake or otherwise, is dominated by evil.
Stanley cites a letter from an American agnostic who found a surprising alternative in Christianity: “Right now, I am struggling to accept the basic Christian doctrines (virgin birth, resurrection, second coming) because I feel the Christian tribe may be the right tribe for my family. We just finished watching a BBC miniseries about the birth of Jesus, which was so beautiful and moving compared to secular TV. My nine-year-old really enjoyed it.”
“That the events of two thousand years ago inspire all of this suggests, to me, that there has to be something to them. People wouldn’t turn their lives around over a myth – any more than the critics of Christianity wouldn’t waste so much energy trying to debunk a childish delusion. We do this big Christmas festival thing for a reason. Because deep in our soul, we connect the love on display in the nativity with our own needs and experiences.
“Some people have found 2016 depressing. It’s had its ups and downs. But evil trades in doubt and we should resist it. The fake news is that mankind is lost. The good news is that it can be saved.”
<Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/12/23/sick-fake-news-try-good-news-christmas/ on 12/23/16.>
- This event itself.
Verses 19-22 relate the third dream. For the first and only time Joseph hesitated. The angel’s message from God was simple; there was no longer any threat to the Christ-child, so it was time to come home. King Herod died in 4 B.C. This makes it possible that he did not live long after ordering the killing of all the male children in Bethlehem.
By Herod’s own will and the prerogative of Caesar Augustus, Herod’s kingdom was divided between his surviving sons. Matthew recorded Archelaus was given jurisdiction over Judea (Jerusalem), Samaria, & Idumea (south). His brothers Philip II ruled Galilee (north) and Antipas Galilee and Perea (middle).
The angel’s command was to go to THE LAND OF ISRAEL, which Joseph understood as being Judea, a province ruled by Archelaus. Joseph was concerned about his family’s safety if they settled anywhere in Judea. He had good reason to be concerned: when Archelaus was king over Judea, he ordered the killing of 3000 people during the observance of the Day of Pentecost. This massacre caused widespread rioting and got Archelaus in a great deal of trouble with Rome. Later, in AD 6, a joint delegation of Jews and Samaritans went to Rome and pleaded Augustus to remove Archelaus from power. Caesar agreed, and banished Archelaus to the frontier – the middle of Europe – in a place that would be called “Vienna.” Archelaus was replaced by a governor appointed by Rome, which is where Pontius Pilate will come onto the scene when Jesus is grown to manhood and accused by the Jews of treason. (Pontius Pilate was the fifth man to hold that title. He was no great statesman and could be ruthless like Archelaus.)
Clearly, this account in Matthew 2 happened before Archelaus’ banishment. No doubt reports of this grave abuse of power reached Joseph and other Jews living in Egypt.
God heard Joseph’s concern and sent a fourth dream, diverting the Holy Family to the province of Galilee, which was ruled by Antipas, not Archelaus. Antipas was no real prize either, as the Gospels tell us he was the man who would order the death of John the Baptist and interrogate Jesus prior to His crucifixion.
The fourth dream and Joseph’s compliance are recorded in vs. 22+23. Put yourself in Joseph’s place for a moment: all these dreams. Are you worried about sleeping? Do you lay down and think, “OK, what’s it gonna be tonight? More angels bossing me around?” So the family settled in Nazareth. In Matthew’s Gospel, it seems like Nazareth is a new community, but Luke tells us it was the place from which both Joseph and Mary originated.
If you were looking for a place to “hide in plain sight,” Nazareth was a good choice. It had a population of just 500-1500 people.
- The significance of the event.
The safety of the Christ-child is the most significant outcome. Having preserved Him from Herod’s rage, the infant Jesus is now preserved from the lethal tyranny of Archelaus.
It proves that returning to Bethlehem was out of the question. It was in the territory ruled by Archelaus and he was deadly crazy like his father. It would have been the first place Archelaus would have looked if he followed up on his father’s bloody crusade against the new king. Most importantly, growing up in Bethlehem was simply not God’s plan.
Another significant aspect of event is the fulfillment of prophecy (23). Matthew is not directly quoting any single Old Testament prophet and that is why he used the plural term PROPHETS. His statement is a summary and restatement of Scriptures he memorized from the Hebrew version of the Old Testament and that is a partial explanation why we can’t find this quote directly in the Old Testament.
Nazareth was an obscure town 70 miles north of Jerusalem. It was a place of lowly reputation, especially among the city folk in Jerusalem. For example, in John 1:46, Nathanael asked “Can anything good come from Nazareth?” He found out something good had come out of Nazareth; Jesus. He would go on to become one of Jesus’ disciples. Another example: in Acts 7:25, when Christians were referred to as “the Nazarene sect,” it was intended as an insult.
Some people denied Jesus was the Messiah based on their false assumption that He was born in Nazareth, not in Bethlehem. It became a point on which they sneered at Jesus (John 7:41-43).
Finally, in this event some scholars see a repeat of the Exodus. In the original Exodus, the nation of Israel was delivered from slavery to Egypt. While it is true Jesus also came out of Egypt, but unlike the Israelites, He was tested in 40 DAYS, not 40 YEARS, and He was faithful to do the entire will of God. He left Egypt a child, not a slave. His mission was not to found a new nation, but appeal to God’s people to believe in Him as their Messiah and so be saved.
With more than a tad bit of cynicism, Arden Dier reported on a recent event that does not portend well for the new year. This prediction is based on a relic that bears an odd resemblance to a “Magic Eight Ball.”
“According to legend, a woman collected the blood of Saint Januarius, or San Gennaro—the once pious bishop of Naples who was beheaded as Christianity was under attack around AD 305—and preserved it in a glass vial, reports Seeker. Then a ‘blood miracle’ in 1389: the congealed blood liquefied. The archbishop of Naples now performs this ‘blood miracle,’ shaking the vial in front of thousands until the blood liquefies. This occurs on three significant days each year, the most recent of which should have been Dec. 16. (Mount Vesuvius erupted on that day in 1631, and Naples was said to have been protected by the saint.) And yet last week, it didn’t.
“One website claims that when the blood miracle—which is ‘not quite sanctioned by the Catholic Church,’ per the Week—has failed to work, 22 epidemics, 19 earthquakes, four wars, and various other tragedies have followed. When the blood last failed to liquefy in 1980, an earthquake struck 30 miles from Naples, killing 2,400 people. The blood also remained congealed in 1939, the year World War II began.
“But ‘we must not think of calamities,’ says the local abbot, per the Catholic News Agency. ‘We are men of faith and we must pray.’”
Whether this report worries you or not, having faith and praying is always good advice. I can absolutely guarantee 2017 will be a good year if you commit to being more faithful and give more time to prayer. It may not be “good” in the way you’re envisioning right now, because that’s up to God to decide. But I hope we can all agree that any year which sees us drawing closer to God is a good year in the most important sense.
These first two chapters of Matthew are secretly about Jesus’ adoptive father, Joseph. We have seen how God guided Joseph by supernatural means – through his dreams. It would be easy to be cynical and discount dreams, just as we might find the “Blood Miracle of Naples” to be a little hard to swallow.
Instead, let’s give credit to Joseph for being faithful and obedient. Let’s give glory to God for the greater miracle of the life of Jesus.