(Please read Genesis 3:7-24 in your Bible. I have used the (c) 2011 NIV for these remarks.)
Jesus calls us to be people who live in present-tense. This is not human nature. An average person’s anxiety is focused on :
40% — things that will never happen
30% — things about the past that can’t be changed
12% — things about criticism by others, mostly untrue
10% — about health, which gets worse with stress
8% — about real problems that will be faced
Stop trying to grapple with the what ifs¨ and let God take care of it. You simply make that long term investment in God’s kingdom day by day.
While touring Italy, a man visited a cathedral that had been completed on the outside only. Once inside, the traveler found an artist kneeling before an enormous wall upon which he had just begun to create a mosaic. On some tables nearby were thousands of pieces of colored ceramic. Curious, the visitor asked the artist how he would ever finish such a large project. The artist answered that he knew how much he could accomplish in one day. Each morning, he marked off an area to be completed that day and didn’t worry about what remained outside that space. That was the best he could do; and if he faithfully did his best, one day the mosaic would be finished.
<This information was found in Today in the Word, September 5, 1995, p. 32. It was retrieved from http://www.sermoncentral.com/illustrations/sermon-illustration-paul-fritz-stories-anxiety-guilt-10217.asp on 11/10/16.>
The difference between right and wrong, truth and falsehood is as crucial today as it has ever been. Consider the devastating consequences of false guilt and untrue anxiety on the human personality. And there are larger, theological and philosophical issues at stake: we need a macro-narrative in this culture that exalts micro-narratives and is bent on extreme individualism. Post-modernism may be a fad but people of faith need authoritative answers that set human nature in its most true – most biblical – roots. To this end we have delved into Genesis 1-3 and complete this series with this seventh installment
- What was the people’s offense (3:6)?
They both ate fruit from the forbidden tree. This verse does not describe the trees, but it does name two of them.
– The Tree of Life.
– The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.
On the basis of the information given, I imagine that they were all the same kind of tree. This would mean that, to Adam and Eve, God’s command seemed arbitrary; there was no visual reason for setting these two trees aside as special. I believe this detail is implied in the text to reinforce the fact that our understanding of God’s commands is not required, only our obedience. If we trust God, we obey immediately and fully.
It’s worth noting repeatedly that v. 6 shows Adam had been there all along and did/said nothing. Though it is a detail easily overlooked, the text makes it plain that Adam was there all along: HER HUSBAND, WHO WAS WITH HER.
Are you surprised or not to note Adam’s contribution in vs. 1-5? It was nothing. He said and did nothing during the whole exchange between the WOMAN and the SERPENT. He did nothing to stop her from taking fruit from the tree and eating it. Worse, when the situation turned to him, he joined the WOMAN in her disobedience; HE ATE IT.
- What were the consequences of their sin (3:7-24)?
Shame (7). Whereas in chapter two their nakedness had been a sign of their innocence, Adam and the WOMAN’s sudden knowledge of evil turned their nakedness to shame.
FIG LEAVES are the only description of the trees in the account. Could it be that the garden was populated with fig trees? That is the reason for my earlier imaginative interpretation that there was only one kind of tree in the garden. Later in the Bible the fig tree is used as a symbol of Israel, the people of God. What’s important here in verse seven is that they attempted to hide their nakedness with roughly made garments, composed of what was at hand. They must’ve been desperate for a cover-up.
Fear (8-10). Hiding becomes a coping mechanism; they attempted to conceal themselves entirely from God. Maybe they thought their leaf wardrobe would be like “camo” and help them blend into the trees. Notice how the writer sets the scene of shame and a frantic cover-up in contrast to the idyllic paradise: when God arrived on the scene, He walked IN THE COOL OF THE DAY. God called out to our parents; not because He didn’t know their location, or what they had done (He appeared immediately after their sin), but to call to them personally, in a loving, non-confrontative way.
Adam offered a lame explanation and in the process exposes his moral failure: “I WAS AFRAID BECAUSE I WAS NAKED.” Of what was Adam AFRAID?
– Embarrassment? It’s possible. I know I would not be comfortable standing before God with only a salad around my hips.
– Wrath? Adam had never known wrath – it had never been necessary before. So, unless this came with the KNOWLEDGE gained from the fruit, I can’t see a fear of wrath motivating him.
– Most likely, death. In 2:17 God had warned Adam that he would die if he ate the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. Surely that was on Adam’s mind as he tried to hide from God.
Division in relationships (11-13). God confronted Adam with the truth. Again, “WHO TOLD YOU THAT YOU WERE NAKED?” is not a question asked for information’s sake, but to draw Adam out and allow him to be responsible for his mistake and ask God’s forgiveness. Likewise the third and fourth rhetorical questions God asked. If we understand God’s three questions as being opportunities for Adam to repent, he failed miserably. Sin had already driven a wedge between him and God, so when he blamed the WOMAN, he not only failed to repent, but opened the world’s first experiment in “the blame game.” So instead of fixing his relationship with God, he makes matters worse by offending his wife as well!
The WOMAN followed Adam’s lead, and blamed the SERPENT. Comically, the SERPENT has no one left to blame and soon it will have no fingers with which to point! This leads to rhetorical question #4; “WHAT IS THIS YOU HAVE DONE?” (The same question God posed to the first murderer, Cain, in 4:9-10.)
Curses (14-19). By being at the end of the line, the SERPENT lost the Blame Game and is cursed first; it is cursed to groveling & enmity (14-15). In part 6 we theorized that the SERPENT was an animal unlike any of the other animals of creation, given powers of speech and reason but not the IMAGE OF GOD. The divine curse also sets it apart from all the other animals created on Day Six.
Groveling. Micah 7:17 depicts God’s wrath on pagan nations as causing them to “lick the dust like a serpent, like the crawling things of the earth.” In the Bible, this is a way of describing total defeat. Crawling and eating dust will be the way of life for the SERPENT for the remainder of its life.
ENMITY means that all the OFFSPRING of the SERPENT and the WOMAN will forever hate one another. Some people have seen the last part of verse fifteen as a prophecy, predicting that Jesus would gain the final victory over Satan.
The curses on the WOMAN included painful childbirth and masculine authority (16). Being fruitful and multiplying will come at a high cost for the WOMAN from that moment on. God says this twice, so we know it’s important. “YOUR DESIRE WILL BE FOR YOUR HUSBAND AND HE WILL RULE OVER YOU” is clearly not a description of God’s plan for husband-wife relations, it is a curse.
Some object that this statement is putting words in God’s mouth, trying to justify the paternalistic culture of the Bible writers. That’s just nonsense. God is exercising His wrath on the WOMAN for her role in this whole awful affair, not rewarding the man. As the text makes very plain (2:24), God created the marriage relationship to be a special blessing, the two becoming ONE FLESH. Now sin has entered the picture and marriage becomes a tug of war, a struggle for dominance with the WOMAN the loser.
The curses on ADAM were toilsome labor & death (17-19). We’ve observed that God intended from the beginning that His people should work (2:15). While it is a four-letter word, work itself is NOT a curse. Instead, God’s wrath on ADAM was to make his work frustrating – it will become toilsome – hard labor and sometimes unfruitful.
More importantly, death enters the picture: “FOR DUST YOU ARE AND TO DUST YOU SHALL RETURN.” As we’ve seen, Adam will not immediately die, but as long as he had access to the TREE OF LIFE, he would have lived indefinitely.
Male authoritarianism is revisited in v. 20 as Adam named Eve. This is the first of the curses we see coming to pass. Up to this point, she was simply called THE WOMAN (2:23); she had no personal name. But in v. 20 Adam named her; this is the first exercise of the male authority God warned the WOMAN would be her due for disobedience. The act of naming the WOMAN eve is an extension of what we saw in 2:19-20; God delegated part of His authority to ADAM when He tasked the man with naming the animals. He is exercising the same authority here in 3:20.
A change in the function of animals: they became a resource for human beings (21). Since FIG LEAVES do not make a very good garment, God took the skins of animals to make our parents a nice set of leather clothes. Fancy. Formerly, animals existed for their own sake; now they exist to sustain people. This act would draw an obligatory protest from PETA (had it been in existence) but nicety gives way to necessity.
Going back to death again, God explained in v. 22 two reasons for exiling our parents from paradise. They now had knowledge of evil and were forever changed by it. They could not be allowed to be LIKE God in that way and remain in the Garden.
The man was cursed with death. If he were allowed to remain in the Garden he could continue to eat from the TREE OF LIFE and thereby avoid death. This is NOT saying that our parents were created to be immortal and lost it – just the opposite – they were created mortal and needed access to the TREE OF LIFE to be immortal. And so we read in Proverbs 14:12 & 16:25, THERE IS A WAY WHICH SEEMS RIGHT TO A MAN, BUT ITS END IS DEATH. No doubt many tombstones could be marked with an epitaph that reads, “It seemed like a good idea at the time.” Like Adam and Eve, we were tempted by the appeal of sin, but failed to weigh its consequences and suffered them just the same.
A final consequence is loss in relationship with God; in this case taking the form of banishment from the garden (23-24). V. 23 indicates that Adam would immediately begin the toilsome work God indicated in the curse: TO WORK THE GROUND FROM WHICH HE HAD BEEN TAKEN. What irony! The very stuff from which his life had been made would now frustrate and exhaust ADAM!
In case they had any notions of sneaking back in, God put them to rest by stationing angelic guards at the entrance to the Garden, armed with a FLAMING SWORD! What they had lost because of sin, Adam and Eve would never regain. This put them at a physical distance from God; there would be no more walks IN THE COOL OF THE DAY (8).
- What the New Testament has to say about the Fall.
– Regarding Adam = Adam’s sin brought death to the human race. (See Romans 5 and 1 Corinthians 15.)
– Regarding Eve = Eve’s daughters are subject to Adam’s sons. (See the Apostle Paul’s use of Genesis to support gender roles in the First Century Church in 1 Corinthians 11:7-12, 2 Corinthians 11:3, 1 Timothy 2:11-15. These passages present a challenge for moderns. Working out a biblical and useful interpretation takes courage, wisdom, and a commitment to dialogue.)
One mom was out walking with her 4-year-old daughter when her girl picked up something from the ground and started to put it in her mouth. The mother tells what happens in her own words:
“I took the item away from her and I asked her not to do that.” My daughter quickly asked, “Why?” “Because it’s been lying outside, you don’t know where it’s been, it’s dirty and probably has germs,” I replied.
At this point, my daughter looked at me with total admiration and asked, “Wow! How do you know all this stuff?”
I thought quickly and said, “All moms know this stuff. It’s on the Mommy Test. You have to know it, or they don’t let you be a Mommy.”
We walked along in silence for 2 or 3 minutes, as she pondered this new information. “Oh…I get it!” she beamed, “So if you don’t pass the test you have to be the daddy?”
I smiled and replied, “Exactly.”
<From a sermon by Mark Opperman, Mothers: Guardians of the Heart, 6/19/2012, retrieved from http://www.sermoncentral.com/illustrations/sermon-illustration-sermon-central-staff-humor-mothersday-82154.asp on 11/10/16.>
You see how misinformation gets started? But seriously, it has been our objective throughout these series of messages to correct misunderstandings and get Genesis right from the beginning.
With that goal in view: in case we missed it in 2:4, let’s review and reassert the point of view of the author of Genesis: THIS IS THE ACCOUNT OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH WHEN THEY WERE CREATED, WHEN THE LORD GOD MADE THE EARTH AND THE HEAVENS. He is writing with the purpose of accounting for, or explaining how what is came into being. There is nothing in his mind about symbolism or allegory or other such stuff and nonsense as modern writers apply to Genesis. Moses wrote history. He wrote it as it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit.
That is another reason we have approached our study of Genesis as a study of facts, not symbols. We have seen time and again that when we don’t let scientific arrogance or modernism get in the way that the facts do speak for themselves. They present a coherent and consistent development of the origins of the human race and the world in which we live.